What follows are details on substances included in a typical known boxer PED regime – that of one Yuriorkis Gamboa. A hand written PED cycle was found when Gamboa’s ‘anti-aging’ clinic was raided by US officials. I have also included details of substances commonly used by boxers who use performance enhancing drugs outside of his regime in the section entitled “Other Substances/Methods Utilized” – including blood doping &/ EPO.
This specific cycle was for his aborted bout with Brandon Rios in 2012 – a fight he eventually declined to participate in because his purse was ‘only’ $1.1 million. The fact that a confirmed PED user hasn’t beaten anyone in the top 150 fighters in his division in nearly 3 years should give you some clue as to the extent of performance enhancing drug usage in professional boxing.
Yuriorkis Gamboa’s Regimen:
Activagen contains the signals typical of demineralised bone matrix, which directly stimulate the formation of new bone tissue. That means this PED helps bones grow – harder & denser – does having a better chin, even in part, come from having thicker, harder bones? Ask a boxer who is taking this stuff.
Human Growth Hormone – 3 days detection time. Does the before image below look familiar? (Hmmm..)
HGH is one of the most active hormones in the world today. The miracles of testosterone have amazed the world of bodybuilding with its regular turnout of 300-pound behemoths, but GH is another story altogether.
When you take into account that hormones may hold the secret to stopping aging in its tracks, and that GH is the hormone produced on the largest scale in the human body, it may be our own fountain of youth. I’m not saying that large amounts of HGH would help you live to be 200—here is also the matter of tissue resistance.
GH starts to decline in the body as we grow older. After the age of 30 it declines by 25 percent every decade, so by the time you hit 60 you are operating at 25 percent of original capacity. If HGH was present in the same amount throughout our lives, we’d easily live to be 140, several inches taller, and a lot more muscular.
Growth hormone was discovered in the 1920s and was isolated in the form of somatotropin in 1956. The benefits of HGH are immense; even today new research pops up regularly that reveals new uses for it. HGH is present in the body at a rate of 500 micrograms at any time in the blood of males between the ages of 20 and 30.
It’s produced by the anterior pituitary gland under the stimulation of the hypothalamus (like LH, the testosterone precursor). The effects on our system are tremendous:
HGH promotes and increases the synthesis of new protein tissues, such as in muscle recovery or repair. This is the way new muscle is built.
Recent research suggests its involvement in the metabolism of body fat and its conversion to energy sources. Tests were conducted in obese people, and medical use in treating obesity was proven beyond a doubt. Some pros have used GH as a way of maintaining and increasing lean mass while dieting for years.
- It improves the sleeping pattern, makes for fewer unintended awakenings and betters REM-stage sleep.
- HGH produces more energy
- It may improve sexual performance
- It builds stronger bones
- Improves the quality and duration of heart and kidneys
As you can see, HGH has several benefits. Research shows HGH may be superior to testosterone and its derivatives because it is not androgenic, causes no aromatization, and shows few side effects in limited doses. It can dramatically increase size in combination with testosterone.
DHEA – DHEA-S serum half-life of about 12 hours.
DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) is a hormone produced by your body’s adrenal glands. These are glands just above your kidneys.woman holding supplements. DHEA supplements can be made from wild yam or soy. Scientists don’t know everything DHEA does. But they do know that it functions as a precursor to male and female sex hormones, including testosterone and estrogen. Precursors are substances that are converted by the body into a hormone.
Benefits of DHEA are claimed to be the following:
- Building up the adrenal gland
- Strengthening the immune system
- Slowing natural changes in the body that come with age
- Providing more energy
- Improving mood and memory
- Building up bone and muscle strength
Side Effects of DHEA include:
- Oily skin and acne, as well as skin thickening
- Hair loss
- Stomach upset
- High blood pressure
- Nasal congestion
- Rapid or irregular heart beat
- Unfavorable changes in cholesterol levels
Testosterone Propionate – clears your system in 2 weeks. Testosterone Propionate is a single ester testosterone compound and represents one of the most important testosterone compounds every manufactured. When synthetic testosterone was first created it was in its pure form. Simply put there was no ester attached, thereby providing a fast acting compound that would necessarily require a very frequent administration schedule. In 1937 the pharmaceutical giant Schering out of Germany would release the first ester base testosterone in Testosterone Propionate under the trade name Testoviron. The same trade name it would eventually give to its Testosterone Enanthate product. By attaching the Propionate ester to the hormone, this would allow for the hormone’s release time to be controlled and provided a more efficient means in maintaining stable blood levels. Although this was not the first synthetic testosterone preparation created, Testosterone Propionate would become the first commercially available testosterone product. It would also dominate the medical community until the 1960’s and much of the newly born performance enhancing community.
Testosterone troche lozenges and cream – 1 to 3 days. A troche (pronounced trOh-key) is a small medicated lozenge designed to dissolve. It can be a hard lozenge (i.e. cough drop) or a soft gelatin (i.e. a gummy) meant to dissolve slowly in the mouth. Troches have unlimited uses in individuals who have difficulty swallowing.
Other Substances/Methods Utilized
Blood Doping is the practice of boosting the number of red blood cells in the bloodstream in order to enhance athletic performance. Because such blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to the muscles, a higher concentration in the blood can improve an athlete’s aerobic capacity (VO2 max) and endurance. Blood transfusions can be traditionally classiﬁed as autologous, where the blood donor and transfusion recipient are the same, or as allogeneic/homologous, where the blood is transfused into someone other than the donor. Blood transfusion begins by the withdrawal of 1 to 4 units of blood (1 unit = 450 ml of blood) several weeks before competition. The blood is centrifuged, the plasma components are immediately reinfused, and the corpuscular elements, principally red blood cells (RBCs), are stored refrigerated at 4◦C or frozen at −80◦C. As blood stored by refrigeration displays a steady decline in the number of RBCs, a substantial percentage, up to 40%, of the stored RBCs may not be viable. The freezing process, conversely, limits the aging of the cells, allowing the storage of the blood for up to 10 years with a 10% to 15% loss of RBCs. Stored RBCs are then reinfused, usually 1 to 7 days before a high-endurance event. As a signiﬁcant amount of iron is removed by each autologous transfusion, an adequate time for recovery of not less than 3 days from the last donation, and appropriate iron supplements, are usually required for patients undergoing autologous donations. Nearly 50% of autologous donations are not used by the donor and are discarded, as current standards do not allow transfusion of these units to another patient for safety reasons.
EPO – Erythropoietin is a glycoprotein hormone produced by the interstitial fibroblasts in the kidney that signal for erythropoiesis in bone marrow.(Britannica) The increased activity of a Hemocytoblast (RBC stem cell) allows the blood to have a greater carrying capacity for oxygen. EPO was first developed to counteract the effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer patients. EPO also stimulates increased wound healing. The physiological side effect of EPO, particularly increased hematocrit, has become a potential drug to abuse by professional and amateur cyclists.