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World War II Day by Day Timeline

July 18, 1925 – Hitler’s “Mein Kampf” published.

Mein Kampf

January 30, 1933 – Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.

February 27, 1933 – The German Reichstag set on fire.

Reichstag Fire

August 19, 1934 – Adolf Hitler becomes Führer.

March 7, 1936 – Germans occupy the Rhineland.

August 1, 1936 – Berlin Olympic Games begin.

Berlin Olympic Games

March 12/13, 1938 – Germany announces ‘Anschluss’ with Austria.

September 30, 1938 – Chamberlain appeases Hitler in Munich.

October 15, 1938 – Germans occupy the Sudetenland.

May 22, 1939 – Germany & Italy sign pact.

August 23, 1939 – Germany and Soviets sign pact.

August 25, 1939 – Britain and Poland sign Mutual Assistance Treaty.

September 1, 1939 – Germany invade Poland.

September 3, 1939 – Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand all declare war on Germany.

September 5, 1939 – United States declares neutrality.

September 10, 1939 – Canada declares war on Germany.

December 14, 1939 – Soviet Union expelled from League of Nations.

January 8, 1940 – Food rationing starts in Britain.

Food rationing starts in Britain

May 10, 1940 – Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister.

June 14, 1940 – Germans march on Paris.

June 22, 1940 – France signs armistice with Germany.

July 10, 1940 – Battle of Britain starts.

August 13, 1940 – Germany bombs airfields and factories in England.

August 15, 1940 – Daylight raids over Britain.

Daylight raids over Britain

August 17, 1940 – Hitler declares blockade of the British Isles.

August 23/24, 1940 – German air raids on Central London.

August 25/26, 1940 – British air raid on Berlin.

September 3, 1940 – Hitler plans the invasion of Britain – Operation Sea Lion.

September 7, 1940 – German Blitz of Britain starts.

September 15, 1940 – German air raids on London, Southampton, Bristol, Cardiff, Liverpool and Manchester.

September 16, 1940 – United States military conscription bill passed.

Liverpool during the Blitz.

September 27, 1940 – Tripartite Pact signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.

October 12, 1940 – Operation Sea Lion postponed until Spring 1941.

November 5, 1940 – Roosevelt re-elected.

November 14/15, 1940 – Coventry bombed.

December 29/30, 1940 – Massive air raid on London.

March 11, 1941 – Roosevelt signs Lend-Lease Act.

May 10, 1941 – Rudolph Hess flies to Scotland.

May 27, 1941 – Sinking of Bismarck by Royal Navy.

June 14, 1941 – US freeze assets of Germans and Italians in America.

June 22, 1941 – Germany attacks Soviet Union.

July 12, 1941 – Mutual Assistance agreement signed between British and Soviet Union.

July 26, 1941 – Roosevelt freezes Japanese assets in US.

August 14, 1941 – Atlantic Charter between US & Britain announced.

November 13, 1941 – Ark Royal sunk off Gibraltar.

December 7, 1941 – Pearl Harbor bombed by Japan.

December 8, 1941 – United States declare war on Japan.

December 11, 1941 – Germany declares war on the United States.

December 19, 1941 – Hitler takes complete control of the Army.

January 26, 1942 – American forces arrive in Great Britain.

August 12, 1942 – Stalin and Churchill meet.

February 2, 1943 – Germans surrender at Stalingrad.

October 13, 1943 – Italy declares war on Germany.

November 28, 1943 – Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet.

March 18, 1944 – British drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Hamburg.

June 6, 1944 – D-Day landings.

August 4, 1944 – Anne Frank and her family arrested.

August 25, 1944 – Paris is retaken by the Allies.

October 14, 1944 – Rommel commits suicide.

February 4-11, 1945 – Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet.

May 7, 1945 – Surrender of all German forces to Allies.

May 8, 1945 – VE Day.

VE Day

May 23, 1945 – Himmler commits suicide.

June 26, 1945 – United Nations Charter signed.

July 16, 1945 – U.S. atomic bomb tested for the first time.

July 26, 1945 – Atlee becomes British Prime Minister.

August 6, 1945 – Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

August 9, 1945 – Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki.

August 14, 1945 – Japanese surrenders.

September 2, 1945 – VJ Day.

VJ Day

November 20, 1945 – Nuremberg trials begin.

September 1, 1939 – September 2, 1945

Saar Offensive September 1939

Operation Weserübung: April–June 1940

Battle of the Netherlands: May 1940

Battle of Belgium: May 1940

Battle of France, 10 May–25 June 1940: 469,000 casualties

Battle of Britain: July–October 1940

The Blitz: September 1940 – May 1941

Operation Barbarossa: June–December 1941

Operation Arctic Fox: July–November 1941

Battle of Moscow, 2 October 1941–7 January 1942: 1,000,000 casualties

Operation Cerberus: February 1942

Operation Donnerkeil: February 1942

St. Nazaire Raid: March 1942

Second Battle of Kharkov, 12 May–28 May 1942: 300,000 casualties

Dieppe Raid: August 1942

Battle of Stalingrad, 23 August 1942–2 February 1943: 1,250,000–1,798,619 casualties

Battle of Kursk, 5 July–23 August 1943: 257,125–388,000 casualties

Battle of Berlin: November 1943 – March 1944

Battle of Monte Cassino, 17 January–18 May 1944: 185,000 casualties

Battle of Narva, 2 February–10 August 1944: 550,000 casualties

Operation Overlord: June–August 1944

Battle of the Bulge, 16 December 1944–25 January 1945: 186,369 casualties

Battle of Luzon, 9 January–15 August 1945: 332,330–345,330 casualties

Battle of Berlin, 16 April–2 May 1945: 1,298,745 casualties

Death-toll by Country 

Soviet Union 25,600,000
China 10,000,000
Poland 6,100,000
Germany 5,100,000
East Indies 4,000,000
Japan 3,200,000
India 3,000,000
French Indochina 2,000,000
Yugoslavia 1,500,000
Romania 800,000
France 600,000
Czechoslovakia 540,000
Great Britain 496,000
Italy 440,000
Hungary 430,000
USA 414,000
Korea 400,000
Greece 342,000
Netherlands 208,000
Philippines 127,000
Belgium 85,000
Finland 83,000

War Deaths as a Percentage of 1939 Population

Poland 6,100,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 34,849,000 which means 17.5% of their population was killed during the War.

Soviet Union 25,600,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 168,525,000 which means 15.2% of their population was killed during the War.

 

Yugoslavia 1,500,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 15,490,000 which means 9.68% of their population was killed during the War.

French Indochina 2,000,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 24,664,000 which means 8.11% of their population was killed during the War.

Germany 5,100,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 69,300,000 which means 7.36% of their population was killed during the War.

East Indies 4,000,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 69,435,000 which means 5.76% of their population was killed during the War.

Romania 800,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 15,970,000 which means 5.01% of their population was killed during the War.

Greece 342,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 7,222,000 which means 4.74% of their population was killed during the War.

Hungary 430,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 9,129,000 which means 4.71% of their population was killed during the War.

Japan 3,200,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 71,380,000 which means 4.48% of their population was killed during the War.

Czechoslovakia 540,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 14,612,000 which means 3.70% of their population was killed during the War.

Netherlands 208,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 8,729,000 which means 2.38% of their population was killed during the War.

Finland 83,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 3,700,000 which means 2.24% of their population was killed during the War.

China 10,000,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 517,568,000 which means 1.93% of their population was killed during the War.

Korea 400,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 24,326,000 which means 1.64% of their population was killed during the War.

France 600,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 41,680,000 which means 1.44% of their population was killed during the War.

Great Britain 496,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 47,760,000 which means 1.04% of their population was killed during the War.

Belgium 85,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 8,387,000 which means 1.01% of their population was killed during the War.

Philippines 127,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 16,000,000 which means 0.79% of their population was killed during the War.

India 3,000,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 377,800,000 which means 0.79% of their population was killed during the War.

United States 414,000 deaths from a population in 1939 of 131,028,000 which means 0.32% of their population was killed during the War.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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