Most Popular Doping Agents in Cycling

Doping Agent Instances Used by a European Cyclist (Proven or Admitted)
Erythropoietin (EPO) 343
Undisclosed 341
Testosterone 125
Human Growth Hormone (hGH) 122
Blood transfusion 107
Corticosteroid 67
Amphetamine 55
Out of competition 53
Cortisone 50
Nandrolone 47
Continuous Erythropoietin Receptor Activator (CERA) 36
Caffeine 34
Contractual violation 34
Darbepoetin (NESP) 29
Bio passport irregularities 28
Missed test 28
Cocaine 26
Clenbuterol 25
Unspecified steroids 25
Salbutamol 21
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) 20
Actovegin 19
Insulin 19
Ephedrine 14
Heroin 13
Tetracosactide 12
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) 11
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) 10
Bromantane 9
Oxyglobin 7
Betamethasone 6
Carphedon 6
Methylhexanamine 6
Morphine 6
Norandrosterone 6
Stanozolol 6
Fenoterol 5
Heptaminol 5
Lidocaine 5
Triamcinolone acetonide 5
Growth hormone releasing hormone 4
Hydroxyethyl starch 4
Intravenous colloids 4
Methylphenidate 4
Methyltestosterone 4
Norephedrine 4
Norpseudoephedrine 4
Perfluorocarbon 4
Probenecid 4
Amineptine 3
Bacillolysin 3
Clostebol 3
Codeine 3
Endurobol (GW-501516) 3
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) 3
Methamphetamine 3
Micorene Prethcamide 3
Roxadustat (FG-4592) 3
Synthetic haemoglobin 3
Aminoimidazole Carboxamide Riboside (AICAR) 2
Clomifene 2
Diazepam 2
Finasteride 2
Furosemide 2
Hashish 2
Human serum albumin 2
Methadone 2
Pemoline 2
Sibutramine 2
Terbutaline 2
Acetazolamide 1
Androstenedione 1
Cannabis 1
Dalteparin 1
Dexamethasone 1
Formoterol 1
Mannitol 1
Mazindol 1
Metenolone 1
Norfenfluramine 1
Ornithine 1
Ostarine (SARMS) 1
Salmeterol 1
Strychnine 1
Thymosin beta-4 (TB-500) 1
Trimetazidine 1
Tuaminoheptane 1
Xipamide 1