Computing Abbreviations

  • 286—Intel 80286 processor. The Intel 80286 is a 16-bit microprocessor that was introduced on 1 February 1982.
  • 386—Intel 80386 processor. The Intel 80386, also known as i386 or just 386, is a 32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.
  • 486—Intel 80486 processor. The Intel 80486, also known as the 486 (“four-eighty-six”), is a higher performance follow-up to the Intel 80386 microprocessor & was introduced in 1989.
  • 802.11—Wireless LAN – set of media access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications for implementing wireless local area network (WLAN) computer communication in the 900 MHz and 2.4, 3.6, 5, and 60 GHz frequency bands.

A

  • AC—Alternating Current
  • ADSL—Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line – data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voiceband modem can provide.
  • AI—Artificial Intelligence
  • Ajax—Asynchronous JavaScript and XML
  • AMOLED—Active-Matrix Organic Light-Emitting Diode
  • AMD—Advanced Micro Devices
  • ARPA—Advanced Research Projects Agency
  • ARPANET—Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
  • ASCII—American Standard Code for Information Interchange
  • ASP—Active Server Pages
  • ASP—Application Service Provider

B

  • B2B—Business-to-Business
  • B2C—Business-to-Consumer
  • B2E—Business-to-Employee
  • BASIC—Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
  • BIOS—Basic Input Output System
  • Blog—Web Log
  • BOOTP—Bootstrap Protocol
  • bps—bits per second
  • BSoD—Blue Screen of Death
  • BT—Bluetooth
  • Byte—By eight (group of 8 bits)

C

  • CAPTCHA—Completely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computers and Humans Apart
  • CD—Compact Disc
  • CDN—Content Delivery Network
  • CD-R—CD-Recordable
  • CD-ROM—CD Read-Only Memory
  • CD-RW—CD-Rewritable
  • CERT—Computer Emergency Response Team
  • CG—Computer Graphics
  • CGA—Color Graphics Array
  • CGI—Computer-Generated Imagery
  • CIO—Chief Information Officer
  • CMS—Content Management System
  • CPU—Central Processing Unit
  • CRM—Customer Relationship Management
  • CRS—Computer Reservations System
  • CRT—Cathode Ray Tube
  • CSS—Cascading Style Sheets
  • CSV—Comma-Separated Values

D

  • DARPA—Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency – agency of the U.S. Department of Defense responsible for the development of emerging technologies for use by the military. Founded by Dwight D. Eisenhower and possesses a budget of nearly $3 billion a year.
  • DB—Database
  • DCMI—Dublin Core Metadata Initiative
  • DDoS—Distributed Denial of Service
  • DHTML—Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language
  • DL—Download
  • DMCA—Digital Millennium Copyright Act
  • DMZ—Demilitarized Zone
  • DNS—Domain Name System
  • DOM—Document Object Model
  • DoS—Denial of Service
  • DOS—Disk Operating System
  • DSL—Digital Subscriber Line
  • DVD—Digital Versatile Disc
  • DVD-R—DVD-Recordable
  • DVD-ROM—DVD-Read Only Memory
  • DVD-RW—DVD-Rewritable
  • DVR—Digital Video Recorder

E

  • ECMA—European Computer Manufacturers Association
  • EDGE— Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution
  • EFF—Electronic Frontier Foundation
  • E-mail—Electronic mail
  • ERP—Enterprise Resource Planning
  • eSATA—external SATA

F

  • FAQ—Frequently Asked Questions
  • FDD—Floppy Disk Drive
  • FTP—File Transfer Protocol

G

  • Gb—Gigabit
  • GB—Gigabyte
  • GPU—Graphics Processing Unit
  • GSM—Global System for Mobile Communications

H

  • HDD—Hard Disk Drive
  • HD DVD—High Definition DVD
  • HDMI—High-Definition Multimedia Interface
  • HP—Hewlett-Packard
  • HTM—Hierarchical Temporal Memory
  • HTML—Hypertext Markup Language
  • HTTP—Hypertext Transfer Protocol
  • HTTPS—HTTP Secure
  • Hz—Hertz

I

  • IBM—International Business Machines
  • IC—Integrated Circuit
  • ICANN—Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
  • ICT—Information and Communication Technology
  • IE—Internet Explorer
  • IIS—Internet Information Services
  • IM—Instant Messaging
  • IMAP—Internet Message Access Protocol
  • IoT—Internet of Things
  • IP—Intellectual Property
  • IP—Internet Protocol
  • IPv4—Internet Protocol version 4
  • IPv6—Internet Protocol version 6
  • IRC—Internet Relay Chat
  • ISDN—Integrated Services Digital Network
  • ISO—International Organization for Standardization
  • ISP—Internet Service Provider
  • IT—Information Technology

J

  • JPEG—Joint Photographic Experts Group

K

  • Kb—Kilobit
  • KB—Kilobyte
  • KiB—Kibibyte

L

  • LAN—Local Area Network
  • LCD—Liquid Crystal Display
  • LED—Light-Emitting Diode

M

  • Mb—Megabit
  • MB—Megabyte
  • MHz—Megahertz
  • MIT—Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • MOV—Apple QuickTime Multimedia File
  • MPL—Mozilla Public License
  • MS—Microsoft
  • MSN—Microsoft Network
  • MS-DOS—Microsoft DOS

O

  • OLED—Organic Light Emitting Diode
  • OLTP—Online Transaction Processing
  • OS—Operating System

P

  • P2P—Peer-To-Peer
  • PaaS—Platform as a Service
  • PC—Personal Computer
  • PC DOS—Personal Computer Disc Operating System
  • PDA—Personal Digital Assistant
  • PDF—Portable Document Format
  • PERL—Practical Extraction and Reporting Language
  • PHP—Hypertext Preprocessor
  • PNG—Portable Network Graphics
  • PoE—Power over Ethernet
  • POP3—Post Office Protocol v3
  • PPI—Pixels Per Inch

Q

  • QoS—Quality of Service

R

  • RAM—Random Access Memory
  • RDF—Resource Description Framework
  • ROM—Read Only Memory
  • ROM-DOS—Read Only Memory – Disk Operating System
  • RSS—Rich Site Summary, RDF Site Summary, or Really Simple Syndication
  • RWD—Responsive Web Design

S

  • SaaS—Software as a Service
  • SATA—Serial ATA
  • SEI—Software Engineering Institute
  • SEO—Search Engine Optimization
  • SFTP—Simple File Transfer Protocol
  • SME—Subject Matter Expert
  • SMS—Short Message Service
  • SMTP—Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  • SQL—Structured Query Language
  • SRAM—Static Random Access Memory
  • SSA—Static Single Assignment
  • SSD—Solid-State Drive
  • SSID—Service Set Identifier
  • SSL—Secure Socket Layer
  • SSTP—Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol
  • SVG—Scalable Vector Graphics
  • SVGA—Super Video Graphics Array

T

  • TB—TeraByte
  • TCP—Transmission Control Protocol
  • TCP/IP—Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
  • TLD—Top-Level Domain
  • TTS—Text-to-Speech

U

  • UDDI—Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration
  • UHF—Ultra High Frequency
  • UI—User Interface
  • URL—Uniform Resource Locator
  • USB—Universal Serial Bus
  • UX—User Experience

V

  • VGA—Video Graphics Array
  • VLAN—Virtual Local Area Network
  • VOD—Video On Demand
  • VoIP—Voice over Internet Protocol
  • VPN—Virtual Private Network
  • VPU—Visual Processing Unit

W

  • W3C—World Wide Web Consortium
  • WWDC—Apple World Wide Developer Conference
  • WAN—Wide Area Network
  • WAP—Wireless Access Point
  • WAP—Wireless Application Protocol
  • WLAN—Wireless Local Area Network
  • WMA—Windows Media Audio
  • WMV—Windows Media Video
  • WPA—Wi-Fi Protected Access
  • WUSB—Wireless Universal Serial Bus
  • WWAN—Wireless Wide Area Network
  • WWW—World Wide Web

X

  • XAML—eXtensible Application Markup Language
  • XHTML—eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language
  • XML—eXtensible Markup Language

Y

  • Y2K—Year Two Thousand

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